3D Assault Amphibian Battalion was originally activated 16 September 1942 at San Diego, California, as 3D Amphibian Tractor (Amtrac) Battalion and assigned to the 3D Marine Division. During December 1942, the battalion relocated from San Diego a short distance up the coast to Camp Pendleton. After training for a few months, the battalion then deployed in February-March 1943 to Auckland, New Zealand in preparation for combat in the Pacific theater.
During World War II, the battalion was primarily armed with Landing Vehicle Tracked (LVT), specifically the LVT-2 also known as "WATER BUFFALOS." The battalion fought in the following combat actions:
- Bougainville with 124 LVT-1s
- Guam with 193 LVT-2s and LVT-4s
- Iwo Jima with 90 LVT-2s
For its actions in World War II 3D Amphibian Tractor Battalion was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation Streamer, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal Streamer With Four Bronze Stars, and the World War II Victory Medal Streamer.
At the conclusion of World War II the battalion redeployed in March 1945 to Maui, territory of Hawaii and then relocated during February 1946 back to Camp Pendleton, California. It was deactiviated several months later on 1 May, 1946.
1952 - 1966
3D Amphibian Tractor Battalion was reactivated 1 April, 1952 at Camp Pendleton, California and assigned to Fleet Marine Force Pacific. It was subsequently reassigned during October 1955 to the 1st Marine Division Elements where it participated in the Cuban Missile Crisis October-December 1962.
During this period, the battalion was still armed with LVTs - transitioning primarily to the LVT-5 in the late 1950s.
Vietnam War and 1970s
3D Amphibian Tractor Battalion deployed during February 1966 to Camp Schwab, Okinawa and redeployed again in March 1966 to the Republic of Vietnam. There, the battalion fought in the Vietnam War from March 1966 - January 1970. During this conflict, the battalion distinguished itself at Chu Lai, Da Nang, An Hoa, Hoi An
Throughout Vietnam, the battalion was armed with variants of the LVT-5.
For its actions in Vietnam, 3D Amtrac Battalion was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation Streamer, Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer, National Defense Service Medal Streamer,Vietnam Service Medal Streamer With Two Silver Stars, Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Streamer, and the Vietnam Civil Actions Medal Unit Citation Streamer.
The battalion relocated during February 1970 to Camp Pendleton, California, and was reassigned to the 5th Marine Expeditionary Brigade. It was again reassigned in August 1970 to the 5th Marine Amphibious Brigade. Subsequently, in April 1971, the battalion was reassigned to the 1st Marine Division with whom it remains to this day. In the early 1970s the battalion transitioned from the LVT-5 to its replacement the LVT-7.
On 30 December 1976, the battalion was re-designated from 3D Amphibian Tractor Battalion to 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion (written as 3D AABn). The battalion participated in numerous training exercises throughout the remainder of the 1970s.
Throughout the 1980s, 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion deployed companies on its regular schedule of six month deployments to the forward units in Hawaii and Okinawa, including units aboard amphibious troop ships for fast-reaction forces in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and into the Persian Gulf. It shared personnel and vehicles with the 1st Armored Assault Battalion as part of the Unit Deployment Program.
In the early 1980s the battalion's LVT-7s underwent a Service Life Extension Program (SLEP), which converted the LVT-7 vehicles to the improved Amphibious Assault Vehicle-7A1 (AAV-7A1) by adding an upgraded engine, transmission, and weapons system improving the overall maintainability of the vehicle.
Realizing the need to mechanize units participating in the Combined Arms Exercises (CAX), two platoons of AAVs were transferred to the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms (MCAGCC) in July of 1979. The two platoons were formed from Camp Pendleton -- one went to Company A, 3D Tank Battalion, and the other platoon went to Company B, 3D Tank Battalion.
The two platoons later merged and became Company D, 3D Tank Battalion, in September 1980. Two additional platoons from 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion in Hawaii arrived onboard the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center in December 1981. A redesignation ceremony was held on 18 January 1982 in which the colors of Company D, 3D Tank Battalion were formally retired and replaced with the new colors of Company D (Rein), 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion. The company was instrumental in training Marines in desert warfare as they rotated in and out of the live-fire desert training area, a key to the Marine Corp's success in the 1991 Gulf War.
For its superior performance from 1983 - 1985, the battalion was awarded a Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation.
In August 1990, 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion received orders to prepare for an overseas deployment to Southwest Asia as a response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. In the following month the unit deployed to Saudi Arabia and received shipments of its Amphibious Assault Vehicles from Maritime Prepositioning ships to augment its current vehicle ranks.
During this time, the battalion began upgrading its P-7A1s to carry the UGWS (UpGunned Weapons Station), which mounts a .50 cal (12.7mm) M2HB machine gun and a Mk-19 40mm grenade launcher.
In preparation for the assault into Kuwait, the battalion divided into two main mechanized infantry task forces, along with 1st and 3D Tank Battalions, to form Task Force Ripper and Task Force Papa Bear respectively. The units trained and patrolled the Saudi frontier with Kuwait until the start of the ground war in February 1991. After five days of combat, the two task forces, along with other other Marine task forces, British and Pan-Arab units, captured Kuwait International Airport and a cease-fire was announced. During the march to Kuwait City, the mechanized infantry task forces were responsible for the defeat of numerous Iraqi regiments, the capture of tens of thousands of Iraqi prisoners, and the capture or destruction of thousands of enemy armored vehicles. 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion returned to Camp Pendleton in March 1991.
For its actions during the Gulf War, the Battalion was awarded a Navy Unit Commendation Streamer, National Defense Service Medal Streamer, and the Southwest Asia Service Medal Streamer With Two Bronze Stars.
On 9 December 1992, in support of Operation Restore Hope, elements of 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion attached to the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit landed on the beach just outside the Mogadishu International Airport in Somalia. These initial forces were soon followed by Bravo, Delta, and Headquarters and Service Companies of 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion. These units' operations stretched from Mogadishu to Bardera, Baidoa, and Kismayo. The battalion served as a blocking force for the International Airport's reception of airlifted humanitarian supplies, then extended its services as road guards for supply convoys and foot patrols in and around Mogadishu.
Elements of 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion served in Somalia or off the coast aboard MEUs from 1992 until approximately 1995. For its actions during Operation Restore
Hope, the battalion was awarded the Joint Meritorious Unit Award Streamer and the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal Streamer.
GLOBAL WAR ON TERROR
In 2003, 3D Assault Amphibian Battalion participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom as part of the 1st Marine Division. They first deployed in February of 2003 to Kuwait and crossed the border into Iraq in March, attacking all the way to Baghdad. The battalion served as the primary mechanized assault support for the infantry and proved to be an invaluable asset in crossing the vast distances and urban areas of Iraq. The battalion continues to support operations throughout the world.
The battalion's actions in support of the Global War on Terror have earned it a Presidential Unit Citation Streamer, Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer, National Defense Service Medal Streamer, Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal Streamer, and the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal Streamer.